A Lightweight Ontology for Describing Images

Abstract:

One aspect of the Semantic Web activity is the emergence of ‘linked data’, a world-wide system of links between large-scale data sets all expressed using “lightweight” ontological techniques.

For some time, we have been investigating formal ways to express what artists say about the images they create, starting with concept maps and moving towards more formal descriptions.

These two activities come together in the design of a basic ontology for expressing properties of images and how they relate to their creation and the things they depict. In this talk we outline this ontology, with examples, and show how it can be used to fine-tune image search.

View the Warren Hayes Ai Symposium “working draft” on SlideShare, or simply the embedded presentation below.


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Formalizing the Informal: A Confluence of Concept Mapping and…

Abstract:

Concept Maps are seen as ways to conceptualize domains that can be comprehended within the human attention span, and are often based on terminologies arising in technical, scientific or engineering domains. We report on a set of related projects that go beyond this tradition in two ways: by connecting CmapTools to the new, machine-processable standard notations for formal Web meta-data (RDF and OWL), and by applying the resulting tools to the construction of Web markup for works of art. This domain provides a semantically-rich case study because descriptions of artwork inherently contain a mix of artifacts, some of which can easily be formalized (creator, title, creation date, etc.) and some of which express meanings about the work that are more difficult to formalize.

Formalization of knowledge about works of art could benefit web developers by giving greater organization to these types of resources on the internet. It will also help foster the development of ontologies in other, similarly rich and challenging domains. A CmapTools extension called CmapTools Ontology Editor (COE) translates RDF and OWL to and from Concept Maps, providing a bridge between the worlds of human-oriented Concept Mapping and machine-oriented formal inference. Because of the strengths in CmapTools to provide a specific method for capturing meanings and concepts, we believe that the COE extension can provide the means for formalizing this conceptually challenging domain that involves an artist’s interpretation of the intentions and motivations behind their artwork.

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Art Speak Presentation

The World Wide Web was born out of a 1989 proposal by Tim Berners-Lee, who was looking for a better way to collaborate across geographic distances. Robert Cailliau proposed in 1990 to use hypertext “to link and access information of various kinds as a web of nodes in which the user can browse at will”, and Berners-Lee finished the first website in December of that year.

Web 2.0 was the name that described the next evolutionary step of the “Web” in which rather than just delivering data, web sites interacted with users and each other in real time, deepening the inter-connectivity.

The following presentation addresses the relationship between “Art”, and what has come to be known as Web 3.0 in which not only are web sites connecting to one another, but the individual entities contained within the websites (images, sound-bytes, places, ideas, people, symbols, etc) are interconnected.

Artspeak: The Contemporary Artist meets Web 3.0, given by Margaret Warren and Pat Hayes at Artel Gallery, Pensacola, FL on June 16, 2008

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